STATISTICS ABOUT BIPOLAR DISORDER
Of the U.S. population is diagnosed with bipolar disorder.
Males and Females
In the United States suffer from bipolar disorder at the same rates, which are at 2.9 and 2.8 percent, respectively.
Of cases are classified as severe.
5 FAST FACTS ABOUT BIPOLAR DISORDER
1. The average person has four episodes of mania or depression during the first 10 years of the illness.
2. Bipolar disorder usually begins in adolescence or early adulthood but it can sometimes start in early childhood.
3. Suicide is the number one cause of premature death among people with bipolar disorder.
4. People with bipolar disorder consult three to four doctors and spend more than eight years seeking treatment before they receive a correct diagnosis.
5. Bipolar disorder is associated with other health problems such as substance abuse.
ABOUT BIPOLAR DISORDER
TYPES OF BIPOLAR DISORDER
BIPOLAR 1 DISORDER
BIPOLAR II DISORDER
CAUSES OF BIPOLAR DISORDER
BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
MANIA VS DEPRESSION
Mania – to be diagnosed with bipolar disorder, a person must have experienced at least one episode of mania or hypomania. Mania is a period of extremely high energy or mood. During mania your mood is elevated but, not at a comfortable or controllable level.
Depression – a depressive episode is defined as a period of depression that lasts at least two weeks, although it usually lasts much longer. During depressive episode, the individual experiences extremely low moods, sometimes to the point of not being able to get out of bed.
FOUR MAIN SYMPTOMS FOR A MANIC EPISODE
- An increase in energy
- Decreased need or desire for sleep
- Impulsive behavior
- Racing thoughts, heart rate and speech patterns
FOUR MAIN SYMPOTOMS OF A DEPRESSIVE EPISODE
- Loss of interest in activities
- Loss of energy and/or insomnia
- Feelings of worthlessness and guilt
- Extreme sadness, despair or overwhelm
CO-OCCURING MENTAL HEALTH CONDITIONS
- Substance use disorders
- Eating disorders
WHO IS AT RISK FOR BIPOLAR DISORDER
The average age-of-onset of bipolar disorder is about 25, but it can occur at any age, including in the teens or in childhood. In fact, bipolar disorder is quite common in adolescents aged 13 to 18 years old, with about 2.9 percent of adolescents having the condition.
In terms of gender, men and women are both equally affected by bipolar disorder. However, women are more likely to experience rapid cycling, which are frequent mood changes consisting of 4 or more mania and depression episodes each year. Because bipolar disorder is heritable, people whose parents have bipolar disorder are also at increased risk of developing the condition.
BIPOLAR DISORDER TREATMENT
Bipolar disorder is a treatable condition that can be managed in several ways. With a good treatment plan, many people live well with the condition.
Psychotherapy, such as:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy – the focus of CBT is identifying unhealthy, negative beliefs and behaviors and replacing them with healthy, positive ones.
- Family-focused therapy – family support and communication can help you stick with your treatment plan and help you and your loved ones recognize and manage warning signs of mood swings
- Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT) – promotes better mood management by focusing on the stabilization of daily rhythms, such as sleeping, waking and mealtimes.
- Mood stabilizers – to control manic or hypomanic episodes.
- Antipsychotics – can be added if symptoms persist even with other medications.
- Day treatment programs – your doctor may recommend a day treatment program. These programs provide support and counseling while you get symptoms under control.
- Self-management strategies, such as psychoeducation. Learning about bipolar disorder can help you and your loved ones understand the condition and stick to a treatment plan.
- Complementary health strategies – these are not treatments in themselves, but strategies such as yoga and exercise can supplement your treatment.